Technological breakthroughs are not modern day phenomenon. It has always been evolving, right from creation. Going down memory lane, technological advancement started with the Paleolithic technological age, when man fashioned out tools from stones for cutting and grinding, as well as from bones of animals and sticks from trees. Tech tools made during this age were basically to assist in hunting down animals and cutting them into smaller pieces. Then came the Mesolithic technological age, when crude farming implements were created to assist the people that lived during that period in farming, mostly.
The Neolithic technological age came next, with people settling down to live together in societies and the greatest of technological advancement during this period was the engineering dexterity at building of huts, or houses, if you prefer that, to shelter humans beings from the elements and wild animals. Pottery, fashioned into earthen plates and pots, were also features of technological advancement during this age. The Chalcolithic technological age, where man started to shift from stone, bones, wooden and earthen implements, to the development of metal instruments to assist in getting things done, better. This was the period, when man started to mine copper, smelt it and fashion it into jewelry, weapons of war and household tools and implements, among others.
The Chalcolithic technological age was closely followed by the Bronze technological age when man perfected the mixing of copper and tin to form a stronger metal known as bronze. This assisted in the development of stronger tools and implements, etc. Although bronze was a stronger metal than copper, the people living at that period wanted a stronger metal than bronze and kept innovating, and this brought forth the use of iron to make better tools and implements, culminating in what we now know as the Iron technological age.
The Iron technological age was closely followed by the Wrought Iron technological age, or what historians refer to, as the Middle Ages, that ran from about 500 to 1400AD. During this period, some of the technological advancements that materialised include the making of horseshoe, clocks, and cannons for fighting wars, etc., all from wrought iron, which was a stronger metal than the ordinary iron.
The modern era, in which we find ourselves now in the 21st century, started with technological advancements that enabled people, such as the Portuguese to develop light, ocean-going ships in the 1400s and this encouraged the planning and execution of voyages to, erstwhile unknown lands. This boosted interactions in trade and exchange of tools and implements among many nations, although, it also brought about the ugly introduction of the slave trade which was, eventually, abolished in the 1800s.
The Industrial technological age that surfaced in the 1800s, saw the building of machines on production lines that enabled the mass production of products. This allowed for products to be made in record time and with less effort on the part of the worker. What can be done manually, with ten persons working in one month, for instance, can now be done within a day. It was during this period, running into the 1900s also, that such things as the airplane that further shortens the time one has to travel between two places than the ship would do, cars that people use in getting from one place to the other on land, the telephone, the radio, the television and of course, the ubiquitous computer, came to the fore.
It was reported, for instance, that there were 162 million mobile phones in Nigeria alone, as of 2017! The use of mobile phones has eased up the way we — Finish Reading on the Punch